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CRANIOFACIAL TYPES AND RELATION TO OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME
Anatomical factors such as obesity and craniofacial alterations interact in the etiology and expression of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). Cranial and facial dimensions are used to classify the different phenotypes through two anthropometric measurements: the cranial and facial indexes.
To evaluate the possible association of cranial and facial types with OSAS risk obtained by the Berlin questionnaire.
The study included thirty-four individuals (76.5% women), with a median age = 59 (56.8 - 65) years, who were evaluated for OSAS risk through the Berlin questionnaire and anthropometric measurements: BMI, cervical circumference, abdominal circumference, cranial index and facial index.
The following measurements were found: BMI = 30.3 (24.7 - 37.4) kg/m², cervical circumference = 37.6 (33.9 - 41.6) cm and abdominal circumference = 102.0 (91.8 - 116.1) cm. In the high-risk group for OSAS there was a predominance of brachycephalic cranial type = 40.7%, and the euryprosopic facial type = 37.0%.
Through the present study, it was possible to observe that age, obesity, brachycephalic cranial type and euryprosopic face were associated with the high risk of OSAS.
Sleep. Sleep Apnea Syndromes. Anthropometry. Skull. Face.
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DA BAHIA - Bahia - Brasil
Ranuzia Mercês Santos Galtieri, Fernanda de Carvalho Madureira, Mariana Luísa Bastos Rocha, Patrícia Souza Cavalcante, Ailton Melo, Cristina Salles, Adelmir Souza-Machado